Add a new layer below labels

Using the second argument of addLayer, you can be more precise

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <meta charset='utf-8' />
    <title>Add a new layer below labels</title>
    <meta name='viewport' content='initial-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no' />
    <script src='https://api.tiles.mapbox.com/mapbox-gl-js/v0.48.0/mapbox-gl.js'></script>
    <link href='https://api.tiles.mapbox.com/mapbox-gl-js/v0.48.0/mapbox-gl.css' rel='stylesheet' />
    <style>
        body { margin:0; padding:0; }
        #map { position:absolute; top:0; bottom:0; width:100%; }
    </style>
</head>
<body>

<div id='map'></div>
<script>
mapboxgl.accessToken = '<your access token here>';
var map = new mapboxgl.Map({
    container: 'map',
    style: 'mapbox://styles/mapbox/streets-v9',
    center: [-88.13734351262877, 35.137451890638886],
    zoom: 4
});

map.on('load', function () {

    var layers = map.getStyle().layers;
    // Find the index of the first symbol layer in the map style
    var firstSymbolId;
    for (var i = 0; i < layers.length; i++) {
        if (layers[i].type === 'symbol') {
            firstSymbolId = layers[i].id;
            break;
        }
    }
    map.addLayer({
        'id': 'urban-areas-fill',
        'type': 'fill',
        'source': {
            'type': 'geojson',
            'data': 'https://d2ad6b4ur7yvpq.cloudfront.net/naturalearth-3.3.0/ne_50m_urban_areas.geojson'
        },
        'layout': {},
        'paint': {
            'fill-color': '#f08',
            'fill-opacity': 0.4
        }
    // This is the important part of this example: the addLayer
    // method takes 2 arguments: the layer as an object, and a string
    // representing another layer's name. if the other layer
    // exists in the stylesheet already, the new layer will be positioned
    // right before that layer in the stack, making it possible to put
    // 'overlays' anywhere in the layer stack.
    // Insert the layer beneath the first symbol layer.
    }, firstSymbolId);
});
</script>


</body>
</html>
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